Professor Michal Bar-Asher Siegal (Ben-Gurion University) and Professor Matthew Goldstone (Academy for Jewish Religion) participated in a lively conversation about ways emerging scientific methods and knowledge shed light on rabbinic interactions with the non-Jewish world and deepen our understanding of ancient texts. Bridging multiple disciplines, this discussion will explore creative possibilities for how science can unlock mysteries of the Jewish past and how fresh perspectives emerge when science and religious studies converge.